Some people consider the difference between human and other beings on the planet, the question of intelligence. But this paradigm has been broken a long time ago. It has already been prove the intelligence and learning ability of dogs, dolphins, bees and so many others. Pigs for example, which are more intelligent than dogs, have proven intelligence equivalent to a 4-year-old human child.
But fish are usually considered animals without intelligence, insensitive… even stupid beans. There is already a lot of evidence that they are indeed intelligent, capable of adopting collective hunting strategies, for example.
Despite being at the top of the food chain in the oceans, sharks are still minimally studied and understood, which is a true scientific contradiction, given their importance for the balance of our oceans. And as a result of our planet.
Humans are social animals that depend on social interactions for learning and survival. Technically this is called “social learning” and is supported by psychologist Albert Bandura, stating that we learn through a cognitive process that takes place in a social context purely through observation or direct instruction. “My field of research is fish behavior and cognition, so I’m naturally interested in what sharks can learn from their environment and how they learn,” says Dr. Catarina Vila Pouca, who worked in the Biological Sciences Department at Macquarie University in Sydney, Australia at the time of the study. “One of the questions that arises is whether sharks only learn for themselves by experiencing the world around them, or if they can also learn from observing or interacting with other sharks, i.e. social learning.”
Divers for Sharks fully believes in the intelligence and learning ability of these animals and bases its goals of preservation and protection of these animals on these points, as well as on their importance for the balance and health of our oceans and planet.